Land Rover Discovery Model Guide
North American Specification, 1994-1999
The Discovery is launched in North America in March 1994. The first truck was sold on XX May 1994.
4,XXX North American Specification trucks were built for 1994. Almost all of these were sold in the United States; Canada would not get the Discovery until later in the year as a 1995 model.
Base price was $29,500.
The engine for the 1994 and 1995 Discoveries was a 3.9 liter Rover V8. This displacement of the RV8 had been used on Range Rovers since 1989, but with the Discovery came a serpentine belted front cover. (This same serpentine engine was used in the 1995 Range Rover Classics.)
The transmission was a German-built ZF 4HP22, also used in the Range Rover Classic, as well as several BMWs, Volvos and Jaguars of the time.
The transfer box was an LT230T, the venerable core of the Land Rover drivetrain for about a decade prior.
Unique to early 1994 vehicles was a water valve for the heater. This was used through VIN number RA100xxx.
Early vehicles used a transfer case shifter from the Defender. Complains about vibration and noise from the gear-driven LT230 led to a redesigned shifter with a built-in damper. These were fitted via a service bulletin upon customer complaint.
Chassis and Structure
The Discovery sat on a 14-gauge chassis very similar to that of the Range Rover Classic. The Discovery had been developed in 1989 as a lower-cost version of the Range Rover, and the two share many structural similarities. The 1989-1993 Discoveries for the ROW market were based on the bulkhead of the hard dash Range Rover Classic. As the production of the P38 Range Rover began in 1994, the Classic was intended to stay in production. It went to a “soft dash” similar — but not identical — to the Discovery, and the Range Rover bulkhead changed, to harmonize the two vehicles. Much of the body structure between the two is similar. The front clip is identical, though the Discovery has a rider on the tops of the wings as it has a recessed bonnet instead of the Range Rover’s clamshell.
There were two trim options available: a “Bahama Beige” leather, or a “Navajo Tan” patterned cloth. The fabric choice would be reflected in the trim inserts in the door cards. Front seats were manual only, with adjustments for-and-aft and for recline. Headrests had built-in grab handles.
Third-row side-folding jump seats were available. If the vehicle was fitted with rear air conditioning, the left hand rear cargo paneling would stick further out to allow a place for the compressor. The jump seat would fit over this, and would not be flush. The air from the compressor would move to the second row vents via a wider D pillar and the left alpine window, which had a second, inner window to create an air chute.